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    • Year
      1906
      2018
    • Length
      7 m
      11 m
    • Height
      3 m
      5 m
    • Width
      1 m
      8 m
    • Diameter
      3 m
      9 m
    • Wing area
      17 m2
      27 m2
    • Wingspan (Beam)
      8 m
      14 m
    • Wing loading
      106 kg/m2
      161 kg/m2
    • Swept
      4 m
      10 m
    • Sweep
      25 deg
      68 deg
    • Aspect ratio
      1
      26
    • Disc area
      1 m2
      460 m2
    • Main rotor diameter
      1 m
      62 m
    • Rotor number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Blades per rotor
      4 qt
      5 qt
    • Disc loading
      17 kg/m2
      73 kg/m2
    • Tail rotor diameter
      0 m
      5 m
    • Empty weight
      1837 kg
      2757 kg
    • Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight)
      2431 kg
      3647 kg
    • Loaded weight
      2400 kg
      3600 kg
    • Crew
      1 per.
      2 per.
    • Useful load
      26 kg
      90700 kg
    • Payload
      23 kg
      122470 kg
    • Capacity passengers
      1 per.
      400 per.
    • Hardpoints
      1 qt
      2576 qt
    • Ground Speed
      96 km/h
      1500 km/h
    • Max. Speed
      476 km/h
      714 km/h
    • Сruise Speed
      475 km/h
      713 km/h
    • Stall Speed
      40 km/h
      258 km/h
    • Landing Speed
      68 km/h
      270 km/h
    • Minimum control speed
      24 km/h
      113 km/h
    • Never exceed speed
      107 km/h
      1050 km/h
    • Fuel Capacity
      417 l
      627 l
    • Fuel External
      142 l
      10025 l
    • Power/mass
      0 hp/kg
      23 hp/kg
    • Thrust/weight
      0 kN/kg
      3 kN/kg
    • Afterburning thrust
      29 kN/kg
      980 kN/kg
    • Total Power
      1176 hp
      1764 hp
    • Thrust
      1 kN
      1914 kN
    • Service ceiling
      8900 m
      13351 m
    • Static ceiling
      3 m
      5485 m
    • Range (Ferry range)
      972 km
      1458 km
    • Range PTB (Ferry range)
      720 km
      10000 km
    • Сombat radius
      496 km
      744 km
    • Endurance
      0 h
      150 h
    • Takeoff roll
      20 m
      3200 m
    • Landing roll
      20 m
      2570 m
    • Maximum glide ratio
      7
      43
    • Load factor from
      2 G
      9 G
    • Rate of climb
      633 m/min
      951 m/min
    • Rate of sink
      36 m/min
      56 m/min
    • Time to altitude
      0 min
      105 min
    • Propellers
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Prop diameter
      1 m
      6 m
    • Prop blade number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Guns
      1 qt
      18 qt
    • Bombs
      1 qt
      250 qt
    • Missiles
      1 qt
      24 qt
    • Rockets
      1 qt
      76 qt
    • Torpedoes
      1 qt
      4 qt
    • Bombs weight
      2 kg
      39000 kg
    • Rockets weight
      1 kg
      48 kg
    • Number built
      16280 qt
      24422 qt
    • Price
      15709 USD
      23565 USD

Supermarine Spitfire

TypeAircraft
Company

Supermarine Aviation Works

Scheme

Monoplane

Low wing

Geometry
Length (m)
1.9
 
9.1
88.7
Height (m)
0.6
 
3.9
50.1
Wings
Wing area (m2)
1.1
 
22.5
925
Wingspan (Beam) (m)
0.1
 
11.2
95
Wing loading (kg/m2)
3.1
 
133.5
829
Weights
Empty weight (kg)
8
 
2,297
276,800
Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight) (kg)
154
 
3,039.1
575,000
Loaded weight (kg)
5
 
3,000
242,500
Capacity
Crew (per.)
1
 
1
112
Speeds
Max. Speed (km/h)
25
 
595
28,165
Сruise Speed (km/h)
52
 
594
3,087
Fuel
Fuel Capacity (l)
23
 
522.2
320,000
Power
Total Power (hp)
0.4
 
1,470
60,000
at 2819 m
Performance
Service ceiling (m)
0.6
 
11,125.2
161,544
Range (Ferry range) (km)
4
 
1,215
40,700
Сombat radius (km)
277
 
620
7,210
Dynamic Performance
Rate of climb (m/min)
1.9
 
792.5
36,000
Stat
Number built (qt)
0
 
20,351
43,000
Price (USD)
41.5
 
19,637.0
750.0 million
Introduction 04.08.1938
First flight 05.03.1936
Stop production 1961
Supermarine Spitfire of the is undoubtedly the most famous British fighter of the Second World War. This aircraft with remarkable performance was a creation of RJ Mitchell in response to a request from the British officer personnel who wanted a monoplane fighter with an enclosed cockpit and retractable landing gear. It made its first flight on March 5, 1936.

Pilots really liked the Spitfire plane. It must have been equipped with elliptical wings. It had a thin cross section which allowed him to gain a high speed. There were three wing formats available for use. The standard wing was called Standard Wing Tip, Tip Clipped Wing represented the removable fin tip wing and Extended Wing Tip indicated a wing equipped with elongated and sharper fin tip. The second wing allowed more maneuverability at low altitude while the latter does the same at high altitude. The cockpit bubble canopy was later adopted because it allowed a large rear visibility.

The Spitfire had a narrow landing gear which made the landing difficult. He was equipped with an oxygen respirator without mentioning in the specifications and was powered by a Rolls-Royce Merlin engine. Its low run time made some problems, especially during the evacuation of Dunkirk Tommies where he was operating at the limit of its range.

Its airborne armament commonly consisted of two Hispano 20mm cannon and four 7,7mm Browning machine guns. From Sptifire Mk IX, the caliber of the Browning was increased to 12.7mm. In addition it could carry two 250kg bombs under the wings or 230 kg below the cockpit and even 4 rockets per wing for the Mk 24.

There are 24 versions of the Spitfire, the most used is the Mk V with enhanced cell and more powerful engine, and the Mk IX equipped with more powerful armament. There is also a naval version of the Spitfire with folding wings and a arresting hook, Supermarine Seafire. Versions Mk XII, XIV, XVIII, 21 and 22 were equipped with a Griffon engine versions I, VIII and X and others were driven by a Merlin engine. The Mk II was different from the aircraft assembled at Castle Bromwich and Mk 24 has the empennage of Supermarine Spitful. Mk VI and VII were air-defence intercepter of high altitude and MK XVI interceptors was equipped with a Packard Merlin engine. Aerial photo-reconnaissance versions are presented with the Mk IV, XI, XIII and XIX, the latter being the only one to have a weak armament. Mk III and XX remained prototypes, the first having a Merlin XX engine 1300 hp and the second being a mixture of versions Mk IV and XII.

The Spitfire was exported to France, Ireland, Romania, Denmark, Poland and also outside Europe, Israel, Syria, Egypt, Turkey, Canada.

The Spitfire and Hawker Hurricane worked together during the Battle of Britain, the latter was responsible for bombing as if was more solid and it left it up to the faster and agile Spitfire to attack the Luftwaffe fighters. Its low run-time didn’t give it a chance to folow bombers over Germany. However, it gained a good reputation by intercepting V1 glide-bomb. He was also the first fighter ally to shoot down a Messerschmitt Me 262, the first jet fighter. The last Spitfire was removed from service in the 60, demonstrating by this some longevity.

In total 21,554 copies of the Spitfire were built in 24 versions. During the conflict, it had received a weapons increasingly heavy and more powerful powerplants. It entered service before the beginning of World War II, it is one of the few devices which had remained in the front line until the end of the conflict and even after, It brought the perpetual changes throughout the five years of conflict.

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