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    • Year
      1906
      2018
    • Length
      13 m
      21 m
    • Height
      4 m
      7 m
    • Width
      1 m
      8 m
    • Diameter
      3 m
      9 m
    • Wing area
      32 m2
      50 m2
    • Wingspan (Beam)
      13 m
      20 m
    • Wing loading
      3 kg/m2
      829 kg/m2
    • Swept
      4 m
      10 m
    • Sweep
      25 deg
      68 deg
    • Aspect ratio
      1
      26
    • Disc area
      1 m2
      460 m2
    • Main rotor diameter
      1 m
      62 m
    • Rotor number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Blades per rotor
      4 qt
      5 qt
    • Disc loading
      17 kg/m2
      73 kg/m2
    • Tail rotor diameter
      0 m
      5 m
    • Empty weight
      6024 kg
      9036 kg
    • Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight)
      10400 kg
      15600 kg
    • Loaded weight
      5 kg
      242500 kg
    • Crew
      1 per.
      3 per.
    • Useful load
      26 kg
      90700 kg
    • Payload
      23 kg
      122470 kg
    • Capacity passengers
      11 per.
      17 per.
    • Hardpoints
      1 qt
      2576 qt
    • Ground Speed
      96 km/h
      1500 km/h
    • Max. Speed
      689 km/h
      1035 km/h
    • Сruise Speed
      600 km/h
      900 km/h
    • Stall Speed
      121 km/h
      183 km/h
    • Landing Speed
      68 km/h
      270 km/h
    • Minimum control speed
      24 km/h
      113 km/h
    • Never exceed speed
      107 km/h
      1050 km/h
    • Fuel Capacity
      23 l
      320000 l
    • Fuel External
      142 l
      10025 l
    • Power/mass
      0 hp/kg
      23 hp/kg
    • Thrust/weight
      0 kN/kg
      3 kN/kg
    • Afterburning thrust
      29 kN/kg
      980 kN/kg
    • Total Power
      0 hp
      60000 hp
    • Thrust
      32 kN
      48 kN
    • Service ceiling
      10240 m
      15360 m
    • Static ceiling
      3 m
      5485 m
    • Range (Ferry range)
      2680 km
      4020 km
    • Range PTB (Ferry range)
      720 km
      10000 km
    • Сombat radius
      277 km
      7210 km
    • Endurance
      0 h
      150 h
    • Takeoff roll
      20 m
      3200 m
    • Landing roll
      20 m
      2570 m
    • Maximum glide ratio
      7
      43
    • Load factor from
      2 G
      9 G
    • Rate of climb
      1 m/min
      36000 m/min
    • Rate of sink
      36 m/min
      56 m/min
    • Time to altitude
      0 min
      105 min
    • Propellers
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Prop diameter
      1 m
      6 m
    • Prop blade number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Guns
      1 qt
      18 qt
    • Bombs
      1 qt
      250 qt
    • Missiles
      1 qt
      24 qt
    • Rockets
      1 qt
      76 qt
    • Torpedoes
      1 qt
      4 qt
    • Bombs weight
      2 kg
      39000 kg
    • Rockets weight
      1 kg
      48 kg
    • Number built
      406 qt
      610 qt
    • Price
      41 USD
      750000000 USD

Dassault Falcon 20

TypeAircraft
Company

Dassault Aviation SA

Scheme

Low wing

Monoplane

Geometry
Length (m)
1.9
 
17.2
88.7
Height (m)
0.6
 
5.3
50.1
Wings
Wing area (m2)
1.1
 
41
925
Wingspan (Beam) (m)
0.1
 
16.3
95
Weights
Empty weight (kg)
8
 
7,530
276,800
Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight) (kg)
154
 
13,000
575,000
Capacity
Crew (per.)
1
 
2
112
Capacity passengers (per.)
1
 
14
400
Speeds
Max. Speed (km/h)
25
 
862
28,165
max cruise at 6100 m
Сruise Speed (km/h)
52
 
750
3,087
econ cruise at 12200 m
Stall Speed (km/h)
40
 
152
257.7
Power
Thrust (kN)
1.5
 
40
1,914
2 powerplants 20 kN each
Performance
Service ceiling (m)
0.6
 
12,800
161,544
Range (Ferry range) (km)
4
 
3,350
40,700
Stat
Number built (qt)
0
 
508
43,000
Introduction 03.06.1965
First flight 04.05.1963
In 1961 Dassault launched into the development of a business jet in collaboration with Sud-Aviation under the lead of engineers Paul Chassagne and Paul Plant. To save money the new aircraft had to resume the wings and tail units of a single-engine fighter Mystère IV. Dassault therefore decided to name this program Mystery XX. The prototype was assembled in a few months and first flew on May 4, 1963. The first flight took place before an audience of officials and aviation experts including Charles Lindbergh and technical adviser of the US company Pan-American. The latter then placed an order for 120 aircraft of this type. However US officials asked Marcel Dassault renamed his aircraft, which gave birth to the Falcon 20.
Mystery XX became the legend in June 10, 1965 when the aviatrix Jacqueline Auriol set the record on a closed circuit of 1000 km to 859.510 km/h. Mystery XX is a twin-engine low-wing monoplane cantilever with a retractable landing gear and a tandem cockpit. The cabin can accommodate eight to ten passengers. The reactors are glued to the rear of the fuselage like in airliners such as Caravel.
The military quickly became interested in the aircraft, initially for linking missions or transport VIPs. It happened that the Air Force acquired the Mystery XX to serve in the GLAM (Ministerial Air Liaison Group) and the CEV in 1965. In 1967 the Flight Test Center also bought several machines to serve as a platform for testing. In 1969 the Air Force acquired three Mystery XX specially modified by Sogerma to serve as training aircraft for crews of bombers and fighter-bombers for nuclear strike mission. These business jets belonged to CITAC (Tactical Command Center) and were placed in the BA-116 Luxeuil aircraft base. Several Mystery XX were served in the Air Force until 2002 in the calibration of civilian radar and French soldiers. These aircraft, based in Villacoublay, used in collaboration with N-262 North.
One of the first export customers of the Mystery XX was Belgium which acquired in the early 70 two Falcon 20E. They always served in the Belgian Air Component in Smaldeel 21 and fulfilled the transporting missions of leading figures of the second half of 2012. In Europe both countries decided to acquire Mystery XX for a little more surprising tasks: electronic warfare and intelligence gathering. Also Spain and Norway each have three and two 20ECM Falcon respectively. The Spanish Air Force also has a fourth Falcon 20 for priority transport missions.
In 1984 the French Naval Aviation received five aircraft under the designation Falcon 20G and submitted them to coastal patrol missions, SAR (Search And Rescue) distant, and maritime police. These aircraft are based overseas, Tahiti and New Caledonia. They were called Guardians. The Guardians are quite close to the HU-25 of the US Coast Guard.
UK private company Flight Refuelling Aviation (FRA) uses several Falcon 20 for simulations of naval attack missions under contract with the Royal Navy and the French Navy. These aircraft also fulfill missions of towing the aerial targets for the benefit of the RAF and the Luftwaffe.
Nowadays, about twenty countries still use the Falcon 20 for military purposes on different continents. Despite the great success of its aircraft Dassault launched in 1970 the study of a shortened version of Falcon 20 called Falcon 10. This aircraft took up the fuselage, wings and empennage of Mystery XX but with a new powerplants. Only eight Falcon 10 were sold to military customers.

Business jets are now entered fully into the aviation history and the Mystère XX is one of them. The Mystery / Falcon family has now one of the richest ranges in this area and its reputation far exceeded the civilian setting only.

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