Search filter

    • Year
      1906
      2018
    • Length
      7 m
      11 m
    • Height
      2 m
      4 m
    • Width
      1 m
      8 m
    • Diameter
      3 m
      9 m
    • Wing area
      13 m2
      20 m2
    • Wingspan (Beam)
      7 m
      12 m
    • Wing loading
      156 kg/m2
      236 kg/m2
    • Swept
      4 m
      10 m
    • Sweep
      25 deg
      68 deg
    • Aspect ratio
      1
      26
    • Disc area
      1 m2
      460 m2
    • Main rotor diameter
      1 m
      62 m
    • Rotor number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Blades per rotor
      4 qt
      5 qt
    • Disc loading
      17 kg/m2
      73 kg/m2
    • Tail rotor diameter
      0 m
      5 m
    • Empty weight
      1797 kg
      2697 kg
    • Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight)
      2720 kg
      4080 kg
    • Loaded weight
      5 kg
      242500 kg
    • Crew
      1 per.
      2 per.
    • Useful load
      26 kg
      90700 kg
    • Payload
      23 kg
      122470 kg
    • Capacity passengers
      1 per.
      400 per.
    • Hardpoints
      1 qt
      2576 qt
    • Ground Speed
      389 km/h
      585 km/h
    • Max. Speed
      512 km/h
      768 km/h
    • Сruise Speed
      472 km/h
      708 km/h
    • Stall Speed
      40 km/h
      258 km/h
    • Landing Speed
      68 km/h
      270 km/h
    • Minimum control speed
      24 km/h
      113 km/h
    • Never exceed speed
      107 km/h
      1050 km/h
    • Fuel Capacity
      23 l
      320000 l
    • Fuel External
      142 l
      10025 l
    • Power/mass
      0 hp/kg
      23 hp/kg
    • Thrust/weight
      0 kN/kg
      3 kN/kg
    • Afterburning thrust
      29 kN/kg
      980 kN/kg
    • Total Power
      1163 hp
      1746 hp
    • Thrust
      1 kN
      1914 kN
    • Service ceiling
      9600 m
      14400 m
    • Static ceiling
      3 m
      5485 m
    • Range (Ferry range)
      680 km
      1020 km
    • Range PTB (Ferry range)
      720 km
      10000 km
    • Сombat radius
      277 km
      7210 km
    • Endurance
      0 h
      150 h
    • Takeoff roll
      20 m
      3200 m
    • Landing roll
      20 m
      2570 m
    • Maximum glide ratio
      7
      43
    • Load factor from
      2 G
      9 G
    • Rate of climb
      816 m/min
      1224 m/min
    • Rate of sink
      36 m/min
      56 m/min
    • Time to altitude
      0 min
      105 min
    • Propellers
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Prop diameter
      1 m
      6 m
    • Prop blade number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Guns
      4 qt
      8 qt
    • Bombs
      3 qt
      5 qt
    • Missiles
      1 qt
      24 qt
    • Rockets
      1 qt
      3 qt
    • Torpedoes
      1 qt
      4 qt
    • Bombs weight
      2 kg
      39000 kg
    • Rockets weight
      1 kg
      48 kg
    • Number built
      27187 qt
      40781 qt
    • Price
      41 USD
      750000000 USD

Messerschmitt Bf 109

TypeAircraft
Company

Messerschmitt AG

Scheme

Low wing

Monoplane

Geometry
Length (m)
1.9
 
9.0
88.7
Height (m)
0.6
 
2.6
50.1
Wings
Wing area (m2)
1.1
 
16.4
925
Wingspan (Beam) (m)
0.1
 
9.9
95
Wing loading (kg/m2)
3.1
 
196
829
Weights
Empty weight (kg)
8
 
2,247
276,800
Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight) (kg)
154
 
3,400
575,000
Capacity
Crew (per.)
1
 
1
112
Speeds
Ground Speed (km/h)
96.6
 
487
1,500
Max. Speed (km/h)
25
 
640
28,165
at 6300 m
Сruise Speed (km/h)
52
 
590
3,087
at 6000 m
Power
Total Power (hp)
0.4
 
1,454.4
60,000
1 powerplant
Performance
Service ceiling (m)
0.6
 
12,000
161,544
Range (Ferry range) (km)
4
 
850
40,700
Dynamic Performance
Rate of climb (m/min)
1.9
 
1,020
36,000
Combat
Guns (qt)
1
 
6
18
2 × 13 mm (.51 in) synchronized MG 131 machine guns with 300 rounds per gun; 1 × 20 mm (.78 in) MG 151/20 cannon as Motorkanone with 200 rpg; 1 x 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon as Motorkanone with 65 rpg (G-6/U4 variant); 2 × 20 mm MG 151/20 underwing cannon pods with 135 rpg (optional kit—Rüstsatz VI)
Bombs (qt)
1
 
1
250
250 kg (551 lb) bomb or
1
 
4
250
50 kg (110 lb) bombs
Rockets (qt)
1
 
2
76
21 cm (8 in) Wfr. Gr. 21 rockets
Stat
Number built (qt)
0
 
33,984
43,000
Introduction 1944
First flight 29.05.1935
Stop production 09.05.1945
MESSERSCHMITT BF 109
Along with the RAF Spitfire, the Bf 109 is one of the emblematic figures of fighter aviation during WW2. He was the most popular fighter in the Luftwaffe during the war. Mythical hunter, with undeniable qualities: light, fast, sleek and beautiful lines, the 109 will be remembered as one of the greatest propeller-driven fighters ever built.

In 1934 the Ministry of the German Air made a specification for a single-seat fighter designed to replace Arado Ar-68 and Heinkel He-51. Several projects were in the running: the Arado Ar-80, the Focke-Wulf Fw 159, Heinkel He-112 and Messerschmitt Bf-109. The latter would be finally selected, even though the experts argue that the best project was the Heinkel.

The prototype called Bf 109 V-1 flew in early September 1935, or six months before the first Spitfire. His baptism of fire was in 1937, while being engaged in the Spanish Civil War, led by the German unit Condor Legion. This engagement was an excellent preparations of the 1939 and 1940 invasions of Poland, Belgium, France.

If the first prototype (V-1) was equipped with Rolls Royce Kestrel engine English (precursor of Merlin) of 695 hp, the following B and C versions were equipped with an inverted V-12 Junkers Jumo 210 developing 635 hp, and D version with Daimler-Benz DB 600 of 1,000 hp. The manufacturer started mass production in 1939, with the Bf-109 E equipped with the new DB-601 1,100 c. Its small size, its speed and maneuverability made him a great fighter. Its construction was fairly simple, which became an advantage during a war.

This first well equipped version used in large numbers was the Bf 109E "(Emil), it exceeded many allied hunters, as Hurricane of the RAF, however, it was considered worse than the Spitfire MkI and MkII at that time. In 1940 during the Battle of Britain, the Bf-109E escorted German bombers attacking British soil. From 1941 its dominance wasn’t so obvious in the West, but it dominated the eastern front and the Mediterranean theater.

The Emil was used until about 1942. The new version F was carefully reshaped to reduce drag and increase top speed. Its main shortcoming was his lack of firepower.

The Bf 109G were manufactured in larger series. It had a DB 605 engine that was more powerful than that of Emil, but it was also heavier. Light machine guns on end cap were replaced by heavy ones. The new engine allowed the heavier weight without loosing of top speed although it lost some maneuverability. The Bf-109 G remained the standard for over two years in the squadrons of the Luftwaffe, and then it was outclassed by the Fw-190 at medium and low altitudes and by most Anglo-American fighters in 1944. However, it continued being supplied to the front because it remained the only single-engine aircraft of Luftwaffe able to make a raid to the strategic bombers flying at a high altitude.

Messerschmitt Bf 109 was built in nearly 35,000 copies of all versions and was used by more than fifteen countries during and after the war. Copies were also built in Switzerland, but also by Avia (Czechoslovakia) with the S-99 and S-199 and Hispano Suiza (Spain) with 1109, Ha-Ha and 1109-M1L-1112.

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