Search filter

    • Year
      1906
      2018
    • Length
      58 m
      88 m
    • Height
      19 m
      29 m
    • Width
      1 m
      8 m
    • Diameter
      3 m
      9 m
    • Wing area
      676 m2
      925 m2
    • Wingspan (Beam)
      63 m
      95 m
    • Wing loading
      3 kg/m2
      829 kg/m2
    • Swept
      4 m
      10 m
    • Sweep
      25 deg
      68 deg
    • Aspect ratio
      1
      26
    • Disc area
      1 m2
      460 m2
    • Main rotor diameter
      1 m
      62 m
    • Rotor number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Blades per rotor
      4 qt
      5 qt
    • Disc loading
      17 kg/m2
      73 kg/m2
    • Tail rotor diameter
      0 m
      5 m
    • Empty weight
      221440 kg
      276800 kg
    • Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight)
      460000 kg
      575000 kg
    • Loaded weight
      5 kg
      242500 kg
    • Crew
      1 per.
      3 per.
    • Useful load
      26 kg
      90700 kg
    • Payload
      23 kg
      122470 kg
    • Capacity passengers
      1 per.
      400 per.
    • Hardpoints
      1 qt
      2576 qt
    • Ground Speed
      96 km/h
      1500 km/h
    • Max. Speed
      756 km/h
      1134 km/h
    • Сruise Speed
      739 km/h
      1109 km/h
    • Stall Speed
      40 km/h
      258 km/h
    • Landing Speed
      68 km/h
      270 km/h
    • Minimum control speed
      24 km/h
      113 km/h
    • Never exceed speed
      107 km/h
      1050 km/h
    • Fuel Capacity
      256000 l
      320000 l
    • Fuel External
      142 l
      10025 l
    • Power/mass
      0 hp/kg
      23 hp/kg
    • Thrust/weight
      0 kN/kg
      3 kN/kg
    • Afterburning thrust
      29 kN/kg
      980 kN/kg
    • Total Power
      0 hp
      60000 hp
    • Thrust
      1008 kN
      1512 kN
    • Service ceiling
      10492 m
      15738 m
    • Static ceiling
      3 m
      5485 m
    • Range (Ferry range)
      12160 km
      18240 km
    • Range PTB (Ferry range)
      720 km
      10000 km
    • Сombat radius
      277 km
      7210 km
    • Endurance
      0 h
      150 h
    • Takeoff roll
      20 m
      3200 m
    • Landing roll
      20 m
      2570 m
    • Maximum glide ratio
      7
      43
    • Load factor from
      2 G
      9 G
    • Rate of climb
      1 m/min
      36000 m/min
    • Rate of sink
      36 m/min
      56 m/min
    • Time to altitude
      0 min
      105 min
    • Propellers
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Prop diameter
      1 m
      6 m
    • Prop blade number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Guns
      1 qt
      18 qt
    • Bombs
      1 qt
      250 qt
    • Missiles
      1 qt
      24 qt
    • Rockets
      1 qt
      76 qt
    • Torpedoes
      1 qt
      4 qt
    • Bombs weight
      2 kg
      39000 kg
    • Rockets weight
      1 kg
      48 kg
    • Number built
      132 qt
      198 qt
    • Price
      342400000 USD
      513600000 USD

Airbus A380

TypeAircraft
Company

Airbus Group

Scheme

Low wing

Monoplane

Geometry
Length (m)
1.9
 
72.7
88.7
Height (m)
0.6
 
24.1
50.1
Wings
Wing area (m2)
1.1
 
845
925
Wingspan (Beam) (m)
0.1
 
79.8
95
Weights
Empty weight (kg)
8
 
276,800
276,800
or 252200 kg depanding on variant
Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight) (kg)
154
 
575,000
575,000
or 590000 kg depanding on variant
Capacity
Crew (per.)
1
 
2
112
Speeds
Max. Speed (km/h)
25
 
945
28,165
at cruise altitude
Сruise Speed (km/h)
52
 
924
3,087
Fuel
Fuel Capacity (l)
23
 
320,000
320,000
Power
Thrust (kN)
1.5
 
1,260
1,914
4 powerplants 310 kN two of them and 320 kN other two
Performance
Service ceiling (m)
0.6
 
13,115
161,544
Range (Ferry range) (km)
4
 
15,200
40,700
Stat
Number built (qt)
0
 
165
43,000
Price (USD)
41.5
 
428.0 million
750.0 million
Introduction 2005
First flight 27.04.2005
For several decades Boeing had remained the main manufacturer of the largest airliner in the world. But the time passed and Airbus appeared almost immediately becoming the main Boeing competitor. No wonder that Airbus wanted to pick out the Boeing’s title as “The manufacturer of the largest airliner in the world”.

So in 1988 the group of Airbus engineers led by Jean Roeder secretly initiated the programme on development of an ultra-high-capacity airliner (UHCA). The aircraft was planning to shift the Boeing 747 from the place of the world’s largest airliner which had belonged to 747 from 1970s. After the project presentation to the Airbus CEO Roeder got a permission to continue his work. The official announcement about the project was made in 1990 on Farnborough Air Show. The company representative stated that their double-deck would be larger and 15 percent more efficient than Boeing 747-400. After that 4 designer teams were organized: 1 from every of its partner (Aérospatiale, British Aerospace, Deutsche Aerospace AG, CASA). The final designs were presented in 1992 and the most successful parts from them were chosen.

In the beginning of the 1993 Boeing and companies in Airbus announced the feasibility studies of their new Very Large Commercial Transport (VLCT) trying to form a partnership to share the market. But in 2 years Boeing lost interest as the project wasn’t expect to cover its costs. In 1994 Airbus rename its own project as A3XX and considered several designs. But crises of 1997-2000 on the market and the need for efficient transport made the manufacturer choose a double-deck design that could accommodate more people.

Finally in December 2000 Airbus launched the programme on A3XX re-designated as A380 after having got firm orders for 50 aircraft. The configuration of the first A380 was complete in 2001 and that time the manufacturing of the first A380 wing component began.

As the assemblies of future aircraft were made in different part of the world there was a problem of transportation. The traditional methods didn’t work as only some parts could fit into Beluga aircraft. That’s why the whole new infrastructure was made. For surface transportation the new route called tinéraire à Grand Gabarit was created by reconstruction of old roads and creation of new ones as well as the construction of new fleet of Roll-on/roll-off ships.

After a while the construction and supply chains were set for the production of 4 A380 per year.
In the beginning five A380 were made to conduct the testing. The first one was unveiled in Toulouse on January 18, 2005. Its maiden flight took place on April 27, 2005 with a crew of 6 people led by test pilot Jacques Rosay.

The first huge A380 is capable of accommodation of 555 passengers in 3-class configuration and 853 passengers in economy-only configuration. The giant can fly for 15700 km it means from Hong-Kong to New-York non-stop. The A380 is powered by Rolls-Royce Trent 900 turbofan engines that allowed sufficient noise reduction. Wing of A380 allows the maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of 650 000 kg and are made to fit to future larger versions. But the first A380-800 has MTOW of 575 000 kg. In the beginning Airbus wanted the wings to have 90 m wingspan but airport restrictions allows only 80 m that lowered the fuel efficiency. However, the size of aircraft together with advanced technologies still makes the airliner more efficient than Boeing 474. Also A380 wings have winglets similar to those on the A310 and A320.

After series of test flights the Airbus A380 received certificates from EASA and FAA on December 12, 2006.

During the productions of A380 there were several delays caused in most cases by the complexity of wiring harness which estimates about 530 km of wires in every aircraft. Also the aircraft for every operator requested a number of customization features. There were 3 delays in delivery that caused a significant reduction of orders. Also that situation led to the 26 percent drop in share price.

The first giant airliner nicknamed Superjumbo was delivered to Singapore Airlines on October 15, 2007 and entered service on October 25, 2007. The tickets for its first flight were sold online via auction and their cost varied from 560 $ to 100380 $. As Singapore Airlines CEO stated the airplane turned to burn less fuel than expected. The figures showed 20% less fuel burn per passenger than Boeing 474.

In March 2013 Airbus delivered it 100th A380 to Malaysia Airlines and to the September 2015 more than 100 million passengers have flown with A380.

There are several variants of A380:

The A380-800 is the original one. In 2010 Airbus changed its build standard increasing MTOW making it 573 000 kg and extending its range by 190 km. Also more upgrades are planned including engine modification so it can compete with 777X around 2020.
The A380-900 variant is an extended version that incorporates seats for 650 passengers in standard configuration and about 900 passengers in an economy-only configuration. But in 2010 Airbus announced that it would delay the production of A380-900 until the production of A380-800 stabilized. In June 2015 the company said that it resumed the production of stretched A380-900 and its release would be connected with re-engining of the A380-800. Also the extended variant will have only 50 seats more, not 100 as it had been planned before.

In total to October 2015 173 of A380 were built and are in service. Emirates are now the biggest customer of the airliner as it ordered 140 planes and got 67 delivered. There speculations about upgrading of A380 that were confirmed in 2015 by Airbus CEO Fabrice Brégier who said that the upgrading of wings and engines are planning. The new version is going to enter service by 2020.

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