Search filter

    • Year
      1906
      2018
    • Length
      27 m
      41 m
    • Height
      9 m
      15 m
    • Width
      1 m
      8 m
    • Diameter
      3 m
      9 m
    • Wing area
      97 m2
      147 m2
    • Wingspan (Beam)
      27 m
      41 m
    • Wing loading
      3 kg/m2
      829 kg/m2
    • Swept
      4 m
      10 m
    • Sweep
      25 deg
      68 deg
    • Aspect ratio
      1
      26
    • Disc area
      1 m2
      460 m2
    • Main rotor diameter
      1 m
      62 m
    • Rotor number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Blades per rotor
      4 qt
      5 qt
    • Disc loading
      17 kg/m2
      73 kg/m2
    • Tail rotor diameter
      0 m
      5 m
    • Empty weight
      32640 kg
      48960 kg
    • Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight)
      60400 kg
      90600 kg
    • Loaded weight
      5 kg
      242500 kg
    • Crew
      1 per.
      3 per.
    • Useful load
      26 kg
      90700 kg
    • Payload
      23 kg
      122470 kg
    • Capacity passengers
      107 per.
      161 per.
    • Hardpoints
      1 qt
      2576 qt
    • Ground Speed
      96 km/h
      1500 km/h
    • Max. Speed
      696 km/h
      1046 km/h
    • Сruise Speed
      662 km/h
      994 km/h
    • Stall Speed
      40 km/h
      258 km/h
    • Landing Speed
      68 km/h
      270 km/h
    • Minimum control speed
      24 km/h
      113 km/h
    • Never exceed speed
      107 km/h
      1050 km/h
    • Fuel Capacity
      23 l
      320000 l
    • Fuel External
      142 l
      10025 l
    • Power/mass
      0 hp/kg
      23 hp/kg
    • Thrust/weight
      0 kN/kg
      3 kN/kg
    • Afterburning thrust
      29 kN/kg
      980 kN/kg
    • Total Power
      0 hp
      60000 hp
    • Thrust
      192 kN
      288 kN
    • Service ceiling
      9600 m
      14400 m
    • Static ceiling
      3 m
      5485 m
    • Range (Ferry range)
      5360 km
      8040 km
    • Range PTB (Ferry range)
      720 km
      10000 km
    • Сombat radius
      277 km
      7210 km
    • Endurance
      0 h
      150 h
    • Takeoff roll
      20 m
      3200 m
    • Landing roll
      20 m
      2570 m
    • Maximum glide ratio
      7
      43
    • Load factor from
      2 G
      9 G
    • Rate of climb
      1 m/min
      36000 m/min
    • Rate of sink
      36 m/min
      56 m/min
    • Time to altitude
      0 min
      105 min
    • Propellers
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Prop diameter
      1 m
      6 m
    • Prop blade number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Guns
      1 qt
      18 qt
    • Bombs
      1 qt
      250 qt
    • Missiles
      1 qt
      24 qt
    • Rockets
      1 qt
      76 qt
    • Torpedoes
      1 qt
      4 qt
    • Bombs weight
      2 kg
      39000 kg
    • Rockets weight
      1 kg
      48 kg
    • Number built
      5298 qt
      7948 qt
    • Price
      59 USD
      90 USD

Airbus A320

TypeAircraft
Company

Airbus Group

Scheme

Monoplane

Low wing

Geometry
Length (m)
1.9
 
33.8
88.7
31,44 m - 44,51 m depending on variant
Height (m)
0.6
 
11.8
50.1
11,76 m - 12,56 m depending on variant
Wings
Wing area (m2)
1.1
 
122.4
925
Wingspan (Beam) (m)
0.1
 
34.1
95
Weights
Empty weight (kg)
8
 
40,800
276,800
39500 kg - 48500 kg depending on variant
Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight) (kg)
154
 
75,500
575,000
68000 kg - 93500 kg depending on variant
Capacity
Crew (per.)
1
 
2
112
Capacity passengers (per.)
1
 
134
400
107 - 240 depending on variant
Speeds
Max. Speed (km/h)
25
 
871
28,165
at 11000 m
Сruise Speed (km/h)
52
 
828
3,087
at 11000 m
Power
Thrust (kN)
1.5
 
240
1,914
2 powerplants 96 kN - 147 kN each depending on variant
Performance
Service ceiling (m)
0.6
 
12,000
161,544
Range (Ferry range) (km)
4
 
6,700
40,700
5700 m - 8000 m depending on variant
Stat
Number built (qt)
0
 
6,623
43,000
Price (USD)
41.5
 
74.3
750.0 million
Introduction 1995
First flight 22.02.1987
The construction of Airbus A300 gave Airbus a good start letting it work up new more ambitious and advanced projects then A300 and A310. The company planned to design a new family of aircraft that can successfully compete with Boeing and Douglas.

After the launch of relatively successful and big A300 the company decided to focus on the Single Aisle programme. It gained the name Joint European Transport (JET) and was started in June 1977. All Airbus’ partners participated in the programme which is considered to be the forerunner of A320, carving out a niche of 130-188-seat airliner. Later this programme was completely transferred to Airbus which started the Single-Aisle studies in 1980. At the time different operators wanted slightly different single-aisle aircraft, in particular Lufthansa requested long-range quadjet while others wanted a shorter-range twinjet. But after a while Germans eventually ordered a twinjet.

In the beginning of 1981 the programmed got a new name A320. But for a few years it was delayed mostly because of the so-called "work-share arguments". The issue lied in argument between partner companies which wanted to reconsider the work-share. Although the question was mostly about prestige not money. Finally the British work-share was increased while others member-countries got no significant change. The other question was about money contribution as France was the only member willing to invest other counties remained more watchful. But in 1984 the manufacturer and the government finally came to the agreement. It was agreed that 50 million pounds will be paid to the Airbus whether the A320 would fly or not, the rest would be paid as levy from the sales.

Finally in 1987 the first Airbus A320 was presented rolling amid dry ice and laser beams as a part of the show. The presentation was attended by several VIP persons including Prince and Princess of Wales. It was a long and thing low-wing monoplane with two turbofan engines capable of flying more than 5000 km. The Airbus was the first company that risked using digital fly-by-wire (FBW) flight control system and side-stick controls. It has thin wings of 34,1 m wingspan with better aerodynamic than its main competitor Boeing 737 had. Its maiden flight was on February 22, 1987. After a long flight test programme of 1200 airborne hours the aircraft received European Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA) certification on February 26, 1988.

Unfortunately, after several months of usage 2 of A320 crashed: one chartered Air France Airbus A320-111 crashed into the trees killing 3 passengers and almost 2 years later in 1990 another A320 crashed landed short in Bangalore. These accidents brought the questions about fly-by-wire flight control system used in the airliner. But the investigation showed that all aircraft were in good working order and engines response corresponded to the certification requirement.

After A320 the second version of the aircraft designated Airbus A321 was designed, it is often called Stretched A320 as its fuselage is about 7 m longer than the one of the original model. In addition it has wing with double-slotted flaps and minor trailing edge modifications. Also the center of the fuselage and undercarriage were reinforced to accommodate increased maximum takeoff weight.

Also the A320 has a shrink variant named A319. It’s a 130-140-seat single-aisle plane. The fuselage of A319 was 3,73 m shorter than the one of A320. The aircraft entered sails in 1992 and in 4 years entered the service. This variant is in demand with low-cost airlines such as EasyJet.

After the success of A319 even a shorter version was made by Airbus. It’s called A318 and was developed from AE31X project. The aircraft is about 2 m shorter than A319 and has a capacity of 107 passengers in 2-class model. The maiden flight of the A318 took place on January 15, 2002.

Now the A320 family is still in production and used by variety of operators. The company is working on a new A320neo family. The airplanes are planning to get new engines CFM International LEAP-1A and the Pratt & Whitney PW1100G that will burn 16 percent less fuel what means about 950 more range or extra payload. Also some modifications with the wings are expected particularly special winglets called "Sharklets".

Now there are more than 1200 orders for an upgraded family of the Airbus A320 that made the aircraft the fastest selling commercial aircraft in history. It was inaugurated on July 1, 2014 and made its first flight on September 25, 2014.

That’s one of the most popular types of aircraft in the world and to the October 31, 2015 in total 6774 have been sold also about 5466 planes are on firm order. These figures made it the best-selling aircraft programme in the world.

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