Search filter

    • Year
      1906
      2018
    • Length
      43 m
      65 m
    • Height
      13 m
      20 m
    • Width
      1 m
      8 m
    • Diameter
      3 m
      9 m
    • Wing area
      208 m2
      312 m2
    • Wingspan (Beam)
      35 m
      54 m
    • Wing loading
      3 kg/m2
      829 kg/m2
    • Swept
      4 m
      10 m
    • Sweep
      25 deg
      68 deg
    • Aspect ratio
      1
      26
    • Disc area
      1 m2
      460 m2
    • Main rotor diameter
      1 m
      62 m
    • Rotor number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Blades per rotor
      4 qt
      5 qt
    • Disc loading
      17 kg/m2
      73 kg/m2
    • Tail rotor diameter
      0 m
      5 m
    • Empty weight
      72080 kg
      108120 kg
    • Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight)
      132000 kg
      198000 kg
    • Loaded weight
      5 kg
      242500 kg
    • Crew
      1 per.
      3 per.
    • Useful load
      26 kg
      90700 kg
    • Payload
      23 kg
      122470 kg
    • Capacity passengers
      1 per.
      400 per.
    • Hardpoints
      1 qt
      2576 qt
    • Ground Speed
      96 km/h
      1500 km/h
    • Max. Speed
      752 km/h
      1128 km/h
    • Сruise Speed
      716 km/h
      1074 km/h
    • Stall Speed
      40 km/h
      258 km/h
    • Landing Speed
      68 km/h
      270 km/h
    • Minimum control speed
      24 km/h
      113 km/h
    • Never exceed speed
      107 km/h
      1050 km/h
    • Fuel Capacity
      23 l
      320000 l
    • Fuel External
      142 l
      10025 l
    • Power/mass
      0 hp/kg
      23 hp/kg
    • Thrust/weight
      0 kN/kg
      3 kN/kg
    • Afterburning thrust
      29 kN/kg
      980 kN/kg
    • Total Power
      0 hp
      60000 hp
    • Thrust
      1 kN
      1914 kN
    • Service ceiling
      9760 m
      14640 m
    • Static ceiling
      3 m
      5485 m
    • Range (Ferry range)
      6160 km
      9240 km
    • Range PTB (Ferry range)
      720 km
      10000 km
    • Сombat radius
      277 km
      7210 km
    • Endurance
      0 h
      150 h
    • Takeoff roll
      20 m
      3200 m
    • Landing roll
      20 m
      2570 m
    • Maximum glide ratio
      7
      43
    • Load factor from
      2 G
      9 G
    • Rate of climb
      1 m/min
      36000 m/min
    • Rate of sink
      36 m/min
      56 m/min
    • Time to altitude
      0 min
      105 min
    • Propellers
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Prop diameter
      1 m
      6 m
    • Prop blade number
      1 qt
      8 qt
    • Guns
      1 qt
      18 qt
    • Bombs
      1 qt
      250 qt
    • Missiles
      1 qt
      24 qt
    • Rockets
      1 qt
      76 qt
    • Torpedoes
      1 qt
      4 qt
    • Bombs weight
      2 kg
      39000 kg
    • Rockets weight
      1 kg
      48 kg
    • Number built
      448 qt
      674 qt
    • Price
      41 USD
      750000000 USD

Airbus A300

TypeAircraft
Company

Airbus Group

Scheme

Monoplane

Low wing

Geometry
Length (m)
1.9
 
54.1
88.7
Height (m)
0.6
 
16.5
50.1
Wings
Wing area (m2)
1.1
 
260
925
Wingspan (Beam) (m)
0.1
 
44.8
95
Weights
Empty weight (kg)
8
 
90,100
276,800
Max. takeoff weight (Gross weight) (kg)
154
 
165,000
575,000
Capacity
Crew (per.)
1
 
2
112
Speeds
Max. Speed (km/h)
25
 
940
28,165
Сruise Speed (km/h)
52
 
895
3,087
Performance
Service ceiling (m)
0.6
 
12,200
161,544
Range (Ferry range) (km)
4
 
7,700
40,700
Stat
Number built (qt)
0
 
561
43,000
Introduction 30.05.1974
First flight 28.10.1972
The company Airbus appeared at the time when Boeing was the king manufacturer of airliners. So the European Airbus became a good competitor for American company. And its first aircraft A300 got some kind of success.

In 1966 Frank Kolk, an American Airlines executive stated several requirements considering a new airliner. It should have replaced Boeing 727 on busy short to medium routs such as transcontinental flights in US. He wanted a passenger airliner with a capacity of 300 seats equipped with two powerplants that could carry full passenger load. Answering that statement, American manufacturers produced McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and the Lockheed L-1011 Tristar wide body trijets. So the niche of wide body twinjet remained empty.

So in September 1967 British, French, and West German governments agreed upon the construction of twinjet wide body airliner for 300 seats by signing the Memorandum of Understanding. During planning of the project several doubts appeared the main of which was about powerplants required for 300 seat airliner and the cost for its development.

But finally on September 28, 1972 the first prototype was presented. After a month it made its first flight from Toulouse–Blagnac Airport. Then in 1974 the first production model A300B2 was released followed by A300B4 in a year.

The Airbus A300 became the world’s first wide-body twin-engine jet airliner and the first aircraft for the Airbus company. The plane was really advanced for 1974 when it entered into service. It got wings with supersonic airfoil and aerodynamically efficient flight control surfaces. Also it was the first airliner equipped with wind shear protection that also had electrically controlled braking system. All these and many other features made the Airbus A300 an economically efficient substitution of McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and the Lockheed L-1011.

Although in first few year after the presentation the sails of the plane were weak then more than 500 airliners were produced. The first to buy A300 was Germanwings and after Indian Airliner and Korean Air ordered several airliners. But the idea of widebody aircraft for short routes appeared to be a failure. To fill the aircraft airlines had to reduce the number of flights thus loosing passengers. But when the Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards were invented allowing the twinjets to fly a long distance routs, the sales of A300 improved.

In March 2006 the Airbus announced the closure of A300 and A310 lines. The last aircraft conducted its first flight in April 2007 and then was delivered to FedEx.

A300 wasn’t the most successful product for the Airbus but it definitely was a great start for the European company.

Similar aircraft

Get more

Museums on map

Museums

Comments